Njira yoyesera ya Covid-19 inali isanakonzekere omicron


Kuchuluka kwa zinthu zomwe zimakhudzidwa ndi kusinthika kwa ma omicron omwe amatha kupatsirana kwambiri yatambasula mphamvu zaku America zoyesa Covid-19 mpaka malire awo. Mayeso othamanga a antigen ndi zatha kaye m’masitolo ambiri ogulitsa mankhwala, ndi mizere za Mayeso a PCR kuzungulira chipikacho m’mizinda kudutsa United States. Vutoli likhoza kukulirakulira pamene anthu ambiri amapita kutchuthi ndikuwonjezera miliri yatsopano, pakanthawi kochepa mayeso atsopano ochokera ku boma asanafike.

Covid-19 ikufalikira mwachangu kotero kuti US ingafunike kuyezetsa pakati pa 3 miliyoni ndi 5 miliyoni tsiku lililonse pofika koyambirira kwa February, komwe ndi kochulukirapo kuposa dziko lino likuyendetsa, Malinga ndi kutengera zamkati kuchokera ku Health and Human Services Department. Ndi zinthu zoyesera zikucheperachepera, zina kwanuko akuluakulu akulimbikitsa akuluakulu a Biden kuti apemphere Defense Production Act, lamulo la nthawi ya nkhondo ya ku Korea lomwe limalola pulezidenti kulamula makampani abizinesi kupanga zinthu zina pakagwa ngozi. Pofuna kuthana ndi kuchepa, White House adatero molawirira Lachiwiri kuti itumiza mayeso aulere opitilira 500 miliyoni kunyumba zaku US, kuyambira masabata angapo otsatira.

“Zomwe zidachitika ndikuti, kachilombo ka omicron kamafalikira mwachangu kuposa momwe aliyense amaganizira. Ndikadakuuzani milungu inayi yapitayo kuti izi zikanafalikira tsiku ndi tsiku, zikanafalikira ndi 50 kapena 100 peresenti, 200 peresenti, 500 peresenti,” Purezidenti Joe Biden adatero Lachiwiri anayang’ana kwambiri za mtundu wa omicron, “Ndikuganiza kuti mukanandiyang’ana ndikunena kuti, ‘Biden, ukumwa chiyani?’

Kuchuluka kwa zinthu zoyezetsa kumatha kuwoneka kwadzidzidzi, koma kwakhala miyezi yambiri kupangidwa. Kuyika ndalama pang’ono ku federal, kuvomereza kwaulesi, komanso kuchepa kwa zinthu zopangira ndi antchito zonse zalepheretsa kupanga mayeso. Mavutowa akuyenda pomwe anthu akukhamukira kukagula mayeso a Covid-19 mwachangu asanapite ku Khrisimasi ndi Chaka Chatsopano, amafuna mayeso ochulukirapo kuposa momwe dongosololi lilili. Mayesowa ndi okwera mtengo, ndipo mtengo wake umayambira kuposa $10.

Tsopano, boma la federal likukonza njira zake zothana ndi omicron. Dongosololi likuphatikiza kukhazikitsa malo oyesera atsopano ndikuyika Asilikali 1,000 kuti athandizire zipatala za ogwira ntchito. Koma mfundo zina sizinafotokozedwebe. White House ikuganizabe momwe angagawire mayeso aulere omwe akufunika kwambiri, omwe adzakhala okonzeka kutumiza mu Januware, mlembi wa atolankhani Jen Psaki adatero Lachiwiri.

Kuyesedwa kwatha

The golide muyezo poyezetsa Covid-19 ndikuyezetsa kwa PCR, komwe kumaphatikizapo katswiri wazachipatala kukukuta mphuno kwa zitsanzo zomwe zimatumizidwa ku labu kuti zikayezedwe ndi maselo. Zimatenga tsiku kuti labu afotokoze zotsatira za odwala. Mayesowa akufunika kwambiri pakali pano, ndipo nthawi zodikirira nthawi yoyezetsa zitha kupitilira maola angapo. Kuphatikiza apo, ma lab ambiri pakali pano ali ndi zitsanzo zambiri, zomwe zachedwetsa zotsatira kwa masiku angapo ndikuzipangitsa kukhala zopanda ntchito.

“Zinthu izi pamodzi zidapangitsa kuti mphepo yamkuntho ichitike,” Lindsey Dawson, wotsogolera wotsogolera ndondomeko ya HIV ku Kaiser Family Foundation, adauza Recode. “Mayeso akuwoneka ovuta kwambiri kuposa momwe analili masiku atatu kapena anayi apitawo.”

Kuchedwetsa kopitilira kwa zotsatira za PCR ndi chifukwa chimodzi chachikulu chomwe kuyezetsa kunyumba mwachangu, monga BinaxNOW, QuickVue, ndi Ellume, inayenera kukhala njira yaikulu imene anthu ambiri amayezera. Mutha kugula mayesowa pa kauntala ku pharmacy kapena kuyitanitsa pa intaneti. Zida zoyesera zimaphatikizirapo thovu, chogwiritsira ntchito mankhwala, ndi khadi kapena kaseti. Kuti muyese, mumatsuka mkati mwa mphuno yanu kuti mutenge chitsanzo, kuphatikiza chitsanzocho ndi reagent, ndiyeno mumayika swab mu khadi kapena kaseti, yomwe imazindikira kukhalapo kwa mapuloteni otchedwa antigen. Zimangotenga mphindi 15 kuti mupeze zotsatira. Ngakhale mayesowa sali olondola ngati mayeso a PCR, omwe amayang’ana siginecha ya kachilomboka, ali. njira yololera pamene mayeso a PCR palibe.

Palinso makampani angapo omwe akupereka zida zoyesera kunyumba, zomwe zili zolondola ngati mayeso a PCR, koma ndizotsika mtengo. Kampani yotchedwa Detect imagulitsa zida zoyambira zokhala ndi mayeso amodzi komanso malo ogwiritsira ntchito, chifukwa pafupifupi $75, ndipo mayeso owonjezera ndi $49 iliyonse. Mayesero a kunyumba a Cue Health ndi okwera mtengo kwambiri. Cue Reader yogwiritsidwanso ntchito yokha mtengo $249, ndipo paketi ya mayeso atatu ndi $225. Palinso mayeso apakhomo a PCR omwe amagwiritsa ntchito malovu, koma nthawi zambiri amafunikira kuti odwala atumize zitsanzo zawo ku labu kuti zikakonzedwe, ndipo zimawononga pafupifupi $100.

Pali zifukwa zingapo zomwe kuyezetsa ma antigen othamangawa kumasowa mwadzidzidzi. Malo antchito ndi masukulu adagula mayeso ambiri omwe amapezeka mwachangu kumayambiriro kwa chaka chino kuti afulumizitse ntchito yawo yotsegulanso. Ogulitsa, panthawiyi, ali zosungira katundu kuthandizira kufalikira kwa omicron. Ndipo anthu ochulukirapo akufunafuna mayeso ofulumira asanapite kutchuthi chachisanu, zomwe zikuchepetsanso zinthu zina.

Koma gwero la kuchepaku limayambiranso chiyambi cha mliri, pomwe White House idayika patsogolo kupanga katemera pamayeso. Oyang’anira a Trump adayika ndalama zambiri popanga katemera watsopano kudzera Opaleshoni Warp Speed, komanso njira yoyendetsera mliri wa Biden yayang’ana kwambiri kugawa katemerawa mdziko lonse.

Pa nthawi yomweyo, Food and Drug Administration wakhala wochedwa kuwunika ndi kuvomereza zoyeserera mwachangu. Mayeso awa poyamba ankaziika m’gulu la zipangizo zachipatala, kutanthauza kuti anafunika kukwaniritsa zofunika kwambiri. Zaka ziwiri za mliriwu, mayeso 14 okha odzipangira okha a antigen adalandira chilolezo chogwiritsa ntchito mwadzidzidzi, malinga ndi ndi database ya Arizona State University.

Mwa mayeso amenewo, mayeso a Abbott Laboratories a BinaxNow othamanga a antigen amawerengera pafupifupi 75 peresenti yazogulitsa ku US. Kulamulira kwa mayeso a Abbott kwakopa kutsutsa kwina pambuyo pa ProPublica lipoti kuti wotsogolera ofesi ya FDA yowunika zoyezetsa matenda, a Tim Stenzel, adagwirapo ntchito ku Abbott, komanso Quidel, kampani ina yomwe idayezetsa Covid-19. Abbott ndi Quidel analidi makampani awiri oyamba omwe a FDA adawalola kupanga mayeso opitilira muyeso, koma mwezi watha, bungwelo lidatero ikanayika patsogolo kuvomereza mayeso ofulumira kwambiri kuti zithandizire kuyambiranso kopitilira komanso kukonzekera dzikolo tchuthi chomwe chikubwera.

Kupanga mayeso kunatayanso mphamvu ngati katemera anachepetsa kuchuluka kwa matenda m’chilimwe. Malo adayamba kufuna umboni wa katemera kuti alowe, ndipo CDC idalengeza kuti anthu otemera sanafunikire. kuyesedwa pafupipafupi. Poona kuti kuyesa kwa Covid-19 sikukhalanso chinthu chotentha, opanga mayeso odziwika mwachangu adakonzekera kuchepetsa kupanga kwawo. Makampani awa tsopano akuthamanga kuti abwerere ku gear.

“Nditha kukuuzani kuti tikuwona kufunika kwa BinaxNOW komwe sikunachitikepo ndipo tikutumiza mwachangu momwe tingathere,” a John Koval, mkulu wa bungwe la Abbott pazachipatala mwachangu, adauza Recode. “Ngakhale chitsogozo chaumoyo wa anthu nthawi yachilimwe chomwe chidapangitsa kuti msika woyezetsa uchepe, sitinasiye kuyesa.”

Kukulitsa mwachangu milingo yopanga sikophweka, komabe. Ellume, kampani yaku Australia yomwe imapanga mayeso a Covid-19 mwachangu, adatero mu September kufunidwa kumeneko kunali kale kuŵirikiza ka 1,000 kuposa momwe kunaneneratu poyamba. Opanga mayeso sanatetezedwe ku zovuta zapadziko lonse lapansi, pa. Kuperewera kwa makina opangidwa ndi thovu, thovu, zamagetsi, ndi mapepala apadera a makadi oyesera onse achepetsa kupanga mayeso.

Kuperewera kwa ntchito kwakhalanso kovuta. Orasure, yomwe imapanga mayeso ofulumira otchedwa InteliSwab, sanathe kulemba ganyu mokwanira anthu pafakitale yake yaku Pennsylvania kuti akwaniritse zofunikira. Ndipo BD, amene amagulitsa mayeso apanyumba otchedwa Veritor, anachenjeza mu zake chidziwitso chapachaka kwa osunga ndalama mu Novembala kuti zinthu zomwe zikupitilira, kuphatikiza zovuta zamayendedwe ndi kupezeka kwazinthu, zitha kuwononga bizinesi yake yonse.

Zokonza zikubwera – pang’onopang’ono

Kugwa uku, oyang’anira a Biden adakhazikitsa njira yoyeserera mwamphamvu. White House idapita kuphatikiza $3 biliyoni kulimbikitsa kupanga mayeso ofulumira. Utsogoleri wa Biden nawonso inshuwaransi yoyendetsedwa makampani kuti alipire mtengo woyeserera mwachangu, ngakhale chitsogozocho sichingafike mpaka Januware 15 ndi sikugwira ntchito mobwerezabwereza. Ndondomekoyi siyithandizanso anthu opanda inshuwaransi yachinsinsi. Dipatimenti ya Health and Human Services idati mu Okutobala idzawononga $70 miliyoni kuthandiza kubweretsa mayeso ochulukirapo pamsika waku US, ndikuyang’ana mayeso omwe angapangidwe pamlingo.

Mayendedwe a boma la US akusiyana kwambiri ndi malamulo akunja. Ku United Kingdom, mwachitsanzo, mayeso a Covid-19 ali kugawidwa kwaulere, ndi boma makalata opita kunyumba za anthu ngati sangathe kuyesa kusukulu kapena kuntchito. Germany idapanga mayeso a Covid-19 kukhala aulere pakati pa Marichi ndi Okutobala.

Komabe, White House akuti kuti dzikolo “likufuna kuchulukitsa kanayi mayeso ofulumira kunyumba omwe tinali nawo kumapeto kwachilimwe.” Izi zikuwoneka ngati zokhumba. Ellume, wopanga mayeso waku Australia, adangoyenera kuti ayambe kupanga chatsopano kampani yopanga ku Maryland mwezi uno. Kampaniyo ikukonzekera kupanga mayeso 70 miliyoni pamwezi kumapeto kwa Disembala, kuphatikiza mayeso omwe boma lachita. Abbott akuti iyenera kukwaniritsa cholinga chomwechi pofika Januware. Ndipo iHealth Labs, yomwe idalandira chilolezo chogwiritsa ntchito mwadzidzidzi pakuyezetsa kwake mwezi watha, ikuti ikhoza kupanga mayeso 200 miliyoni pamwezi. kuyambira chaka chamawa.

Koma kuchuluka kwa anthu omwe ali ndi kachilomboka ndi kukula tsiku, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti chiwerengero cha anthu omwe ali ndi Covid-19 omwe akuyenera kuyesedwa chikukulirakuliranso. Pakadali pano, sizikudziwika ngati pali mayeso okwanira m’malo oyenera komanso panthawi yoyenera kuti achepetse kufalikira kwa Covid-19 ku US. Kupatula apo, ngati pakhala kuyezetsa kokwanira, anthu amatha kudziyesa nthawi zonse, kulola kuti milandu yatsopano igwidwe mwachangu komanso kachilomboka kufalikira pang’onopang’ono.

M’menemo …

Yembekezerani zoperewera. Walgreens ndi CVS adauza a Recode kuti kufunikira kwa mayeso kukuchulukirachulukira komanso kuti ena mwa malo awo ogulitsa mankhwala atha. M’malo moyendera mashopu angapo panokha, mutha kuyang’ana kuti muwone ngati mayeso ali m’mawebusayiti ambiri ogulitsa mankhwala, ngakhale sangakhale nthawi zonse. Kumbukirani kuti mutha kukhala ndi malire azinthu. Walgreens pano amangolola makasitomala kugula zinthu zinayi zoyesera za Covid-19 panthawi imodzi. Mulimonsemo, ngati mukufuna kuyezetsa kunyumba, muyenera kugula woyamba mwawona.

Palinso maakaunti apawailesi yakanema ndi masamba am’deralo omwe amayang’anira kupezeka kwa mayeso m’madera osiyanasiyana, ndipo anthu atha kugawana zambiri pamagulu am’magulu a Facebook ndi masamba a Nextdoor. Muyeneranso kuyang’ana pa kugula akalozera, monga chonchi imodzi yochokera ku Wired, yokhala ndi maulalo osinthidwa a malo ogulitsa mayeso pa intaneti. Pamene mukuyang’ana zothandizira, samalani ndi anthu ochita chinyengo potengera maudindo aboma ndi kufuna ndalama zokayezetsa patsogolo.

Ngakhale mutabwera kudzagula zinthu mwachangu kuti mukayezedwe mwachangu, mutha kupeza mayeso a PCR kumalo ogulitsira, chipatala chachangu, kapena malo oyezera mafoni. Zina mwazinthuzi zithanso kukupatsani mayeso ofulumira, chifukwa chake muyenera kufunsa zakupeza PCR komanso kuyezetsa mwachangu mukapita.

M’masabata akubwera, zosankha zambiri za mayeso aulere ziyenera kupezekanso. Boma la Biden lagawa mayeso ambiri othamanga omwe adagula kumalo ammudzi ndi zipatala, zomwe zitha kukhala zikugawa mayeso kwaulere. A White House akukonzekera kupanga tsamba latsopano, lomwe anthu angagwiritse ntchito kupempha boma la federal kuyesa kwaulere kunyumba. Maboma am’deralo athanso kupereka mayeso.

Komabe, sikungakhale kotheka kupeza mayeso. Ngati mukuganiza kuti muli ndi Covid-19, muyenera kudzipatula, ndipo ngati kuli kofunikira, muwone chiyani mankhwala zitha kupezeka. Koma sizingakhale zotheka kudziwa zowona. Izi zikutanthauza, mwatsoka, kuti tsopano ndi nthawi yabwino monga aliyense kuzolowera mliri kusatsimikizika.

Kusintha, Disembala 21, 3:45 pm ET: Nkhaniyi yasinthidwa ndi zina zambiri kuchokera ku adilesi ya a Joe Biden Lachiwiri masana.



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